Volume 6, Issue 1, June 2018, Page: 15-22
Morphometric Analysis of Karadya Micro Watershed: A Case Study of Mandya District
Ningaraju Holalu Javarayigowda, Department of Civil Engineering, People’s Education Society College of Engineering, Mandya, India
Ganesh Kumar Shivamogga Basavaraju, Department of Civil Engineering, Sri Dharmasthala Manjunatheshwara Institute of Technology, Ujire, India
Surendra Halasuru Jayaram, Department of Civil Engineering, ATRIA Institute of Technology, Bangalore, India
Received: Jan. 16, 2018;       Accepted: Feb. 5, 2018;       Published: Mar. 14, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajrs.20180601.13      View  1327      Downloads  64
Abstract
Water is one of the essential natural resource for the very survival of life becoming a scarce commodity. It is very important to manage this very essential natural resource at micro watershed level for achieving sustainable development. The morphometric analysis plays a vital role in understanding the hydro-geological behavior of drainage basin. Remote sensing and Geographical Information System (GIS) techniques are proven efficient tool for morphometric analysis of a drainage basin throughout the world. Hence, an attempt has been made in this paper to study morphometric parameters of Karadya micro watershed using Geographical information system(GIS) approach. The study reveals that the terrain exhibits dendritic type drainage pattern with highest stream order being third order. The drainage density of watershed is 2.65km-1. The mean bifurcation ratio of the entire basin is 6.73 indicating that the drainage pattern is not much influenced by geological structures. Relief ratio indicates that the discharge capability of these watersheds is very high and the ground water potential is low. Further, the study reveals that GIS techniques proved to be a competent tool in morphometric analysis helps in planning and management of watershed.
Keywords
GIS, Micro Watershed, Morphmetric Parameters, Remote Sensing
To cite this article
Ningaraju Holalu Javarayigowda, Ganesh Kumar Shivamogga Basavaraju, Surendra Halasuru Jayaram, Morphometric Analysis of Karadya Micro Watershed: A Case Study of Mandya District, American Journal of Remote Sensing. Vol. 6, No. 1, 2018, pp. 15-22. doi: 10.11648/j.ajrs.20180601.13
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
Arun, (2005), “A rule base physio graphic characterization of a drought prone watershed applying remote Sensing and GIS”, Journal of the Indian Society of Remote Sensing, 33, No.2, 2005p. 189-201.
[2]
Chopra, R., Dhiman, R., and Sharma, P. K (2005),“Morphometric analysis of sub watersheds in Gurdaspur District, Punjab using Remote Sensing and GIS techniques”, Journal of Indian Society of RemoteSensing, 33(4), pp531-539.
[3]
ClarkeJ. I (1996)“ Morphometry from maps, in Dury G. H (Ed), essay in geomorphology”. American Elsevier Publ., Co., NewYork, pp 235–274.
[4]
Gayen S, Bhunia GS, Shi PK (2013)“Morphometric analysis of Kangshabati-Darkeswar Interfluves area in West Bengal, India using ASTER DEM and GIS techniques”, GeolGeosci 2(4):1–10.
[5]
Horton, R. E.,(1932),“Drainage Basin Characteristics, Transactions”, American Geophysical Union, 13, pp. 350-361.
[6]
Horton, R. E.,(1945),“Erosional Development of Streams and their Drainage Basins Hydrophysical approach to quantitative morphology “Geological Society of America Bulletin, 56(3), pp. 275-370.
[7]
H J Surendra., Darshan H T., Gagan B R., LikithRaj., Shreyas Gowda KJ(2017). “Estimation of Evapotranspiration for Onion crop in semi-arid region: Experimental Field setup using Lysimeter”. Science PG publication, DOI:10.11648/j.urp.20180301.11 ISSN:2575-1689(Print);ISSN:2575-1697(Online), 2018;Vol3, No:1, pp. 1-5.
[8]
H. J. Surendra, Deka P C and Kavya B M (2017), “Improved Framework for modeling Municipal Residential Water Consumption Estimation using Wavelet-Mamdani Fuzzy approach”. International Journal of Advance research in science and engineering, Vol. no6, Issue. No8, ISSN(O):2319-8354, ISSN(P):2319-8346 August 2017.
[9]
H. J. Surendra, Paresh Chandra Deka (2012),“Effects of Statistical Properties of Data Set in Predicting Performance of Various Artificial Intelligence Techniques for Urban Water Consumption Time Series”. International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology, volume3, Issue-2, July-December (2012), PP-426-436.
[10]
H. J. Ningaraju, Ganesh Kumar S. B and H. J. Surendra (2016), “Estimation of Runoff Using SCS-CN and GIS method in un-gauged watershed: A case study of Kharadya mill watershed, India”. International Journal of Advanced Engineering Research and Science ISSN:2349-6495.
[11]
Kumar, R., Kumar, S., Lohni, A. K., Neema, R. K. and Singh, A. D.,(2000) “Evaluation of geo morphological characteristics of a catchment using GIS”, GIS India, 9(3):13-17.
[12]
Kumar, R., Lohani, A. K., Kumar, S., Chatterjee, C. and Nema, R. K., (2001), “GIS based morphometric analysis of Ajay river basin upto Sarath gauging site of South Bihar”, J. App. Hydro., 15(4):45-54.
[13]
Kumar, (2010), “Micro watershed characterization and prioritization using Geomatics technology for natural resources management” International Journal of Geomatics and Geoscience, Volume 1, No 4, 2011, pp789-802.
[14]
Macka, Z.,(2001), “Determination of texture of topography from large scale contourmaps”. Geografski Vestnik, 73(2):53–62.
[15]
Magesh N S, Chandrasekar N, Soundranayagam J P (2011) “Morphometric evaluation of Papanasam and Manimuthar watersheds, parts of Western Ghats, Tirunelveli district, Tamil Nadu, India: a GIS approach”, Environ EarthSci 64(2):373-381.
[16]
Melton M A(1958) “Geometric properties of mature drainage system and their representation in their E4 phase space”. Journal of Geology 66: pp 35-36.
[17]
Miller V C (1953) “A quantitative geomorphologic study of drainage basin characteristics in the clinch mountain area, Virginia and Tennesse Project NR 389-042”, Technical Report 3, Columbia University, Department of Geology, ONR Geography branch, New york.
[18]
Mishra, (2010) “Morphometric analysis and prioritization of sub-watershed using GIS & Remote Sensing techniques: a case study of Odisha, India”, International Journal of Geomatics and Geosciences, 1(4), pp: 501-501.
[19]
Nag S K (1998) “Morphometric analysis using remote sensing techniques in the Chaka Sub-basin, Purulia District, West Bengal”, Journal of Indian Society of Remote Sensing, 26 (1&2), pp69-76.
[20]
Nautiyal MD (1994) “Morphometric analysis of adrainage basin, district Dehradun, UttarPradesh”, Jindian Soc Remote Sens 22(4): 251–261.
[21]
Pal. B,(2012)“Morphometric and hydrological analysis and mapping for Watut watershed using Remote Sensing and GIS Techniques”, International Journal of Advances in Engineering and Technology, Jan2012, pp357-368.
[22]
Pankaj A, Kumar P (2009) “GIS-based morphometric analysis of five major sub-watersheds of Song River, Dehradun District, Uttarakhand with special reference to land slide incidences” Journal of the Indian Society of Remote Sensing, Volume 37, Issue1, pp157-166.
[23]
Rao K L (2010) “Morphometric Analysis of Gostani River Basin in Andhra Pradesh State, India Using Spatial Information Technical”, International Journal of Geomatics and Geosciences, 1(2), pp 179-187.
[24]
Rekha,(2011) “Morphometric Analysis and Micro-watershed Prioritization of Peruvanthanam Sub watershed, the Manimala River Basin, Kerala, South India” Environmental Research, Engineering and Management, 3(57), pp 6–14.
[25]
Schumn SA (1956) “Evolution of drainage systems and slopes in badlands at Perth Amboy, New Jersey”. Geological Society of American Bulletin67:597-646.
[26]
Singh. V, (2011), “Linear Aspect of the Maingra River Basin Morphometry, District Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh, India”, International Journal of Science and Advanced Technology, 1(5) pp212-222.
[27]
Singh, S., and Singh, M. C.(1997), “Morphometric analysis of Kanhar river basin”, National Geographical Journal of India, 43(1), pp31-43.
[28]
Sreedevi, P. D., Owais, S., Khan, H. H. and Ahmed, S., (2009), “Morphometric Analysis of a Watershed of South India Using SRTM Data and GIS”. J. Geol. Soc. India, 73: 543-552.
[29]
Srinivasa, V. S., Govindaonah, S. and Home Gowda, H (2004), “Morphometric analysis of sub watersheds in the Pawagada area of Tumkur district South India using Remote Sensing and GIS Techniques”, J. Indian Soc. Remote Sensing, 32(4) pp 351362.
[30]
Srivastava, V. K.(1997) “Study of drainage pattern of Jharia coal field (Bihar), India, through Remote Sensing Technology”. J. Indian Soc. RemoteSensing, 25(1):41–46.
[31]
Strahler A N (1957)” Quantitative Analysis of Watershed Geomorphology” Transactions American Geophysical Union 38(6), 913-920.
[32]
Strahler A N, Chow V T(1964) “Quantitative geomorphology of drainage basins and channel network, ”Hand book of Applied Hydrology, McGraw Hill Book Company, New York, USA.
Browse journals by subject