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Habitat Suitability Analysis for Swamp Deer (Rucervus Duvaucelii) Using Geo-Spatial Tools in Dudhwa National Park

Received: 15 May 2018    Accepted: 30 May 2018    Published: 7 July 2018
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Abstract

Dudhwa National Park (DNP), important conservation areas of India supporting the full range of threatened faunal and floral species. The Barasingha, swamp deer (Rucervus duvaucelii) considered as vulnerable, one of the flagship species. The satellite imagery of 1995, 2016 and 2017were used for Habitat Suitability Analysis (HSA) using multi-criteria analysis. The other primary and secondary data were also incorporated to generate habitat suitability model. Raster imageries of Landsat 5 and Landsat 8 were used to create various themes (variables) such as forest density, land use land cover, Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), Normalized Difference Water Index (NDWI) along with topographic details. The result indicates that out of total geographical area approximately 2.000000-2.100000(20-21%) is highly suitable, 1.900000(19%) is appropriate, 1.800000(18%) moderately suitable, 1.700000(17%) less suitable and 1.500000-1.600000(15-16%) area is least suitable. However, the study strongly advocates that the DNP is suitable landscape and grassland were noticed as one of the best habitat class for the conservation of swamp deer.

Published in American Journal of Remote Sensing (Volume 6, Issue 1)
DOI 10.11648/j.ajrs.20180601.18
Page(s) 52-58
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2018. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Dudhwa National Park (DNP), Swamp Deer, Habitat Suitability Analysis (HAS), Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), Normalized Difference Water Index (NDWI)

References
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[3] Naithani, S., and V. B. Mathur, Musk Deer (Moschus chrysogaster) Habitat modeling in Great Himalayan national park conservation area. In: Naithani, S. and Jeganathan, C. (Eds.), Remote Sensing and GIS in Environmental Resource Management, Gaura Books India Pvt. Ltd, New Delhi, book. 2014. p. 69-82.
[4] Areendran, G., et al., Geospatial modeling to assess elephant habitat suitability and corridors in northern Chattisgarh, India. Tropical Ecology, 2011. 52(3): p. 275-283.
[5] Kushwaha, S. P. S., and P. S. Roy., Geospatial technology for wildlife habitat evaluation. Tropical Ecology, 2002. 43(1): p. 137-150.
[6] Nandy, S., S. P. S. Kushwaha and P. Gaur, Identification of Swamp Deer (Cervus duvauceli duvauceli Cuvier) potential habitat in Jhilmil Jheel Conservation Reserve, Uttarakhand, India using multi-criteria analysis. Environmental Management, 2012. 49(4): p. 902-14.
[7] Sarma, P. K., et al., Evaluation of habitat suitability for Rhino (Rhinoceros unicornis) in Orang National Park using Geo-spatial tools. ISRN Ecology, 2011. 2011: p. 9.
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[9] Imam, E., and S. P. S. Kushwaha, Habitat suitability modeling for Gaur (Bosgaurus) using multiple logistic regression, remote sensing and GIS. Journal of Applied Animal Research, 2013. 41(2); p. 189-199.
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[13] Sanare, J. E., E. S. Ganawa and A. M. S. Abdelrahim, Wildlife habitat suitability analysis at Serengeti National Park (SNP), Tanzania case study Loxodonta sp. Journal of Ecosys Ecograph, 2015. 5: p. 164.
[14] Buruso, F. H., Habitat suitability analysis for hippopotamus (H. amphibious) using GIS and remote sensing in Lake Tana and its environs, Ethiopia. Environmental Systems Research, 2018. 6:p 6.
[15] Thapa, V., M. F. Acevedo and K. P. Limbu, An analysis of the habitat of the Greater One-horned Rhinoceros Rhinoceros unicornis (Mammalia: Perissodactyla: Rhinocerotidae) at the Chitwan National Park, Nepal. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 2014. 6(10): p. 6313–6325.
[16] Tiwari, R., and G. S. Rawat, Assessment of Swamp Deer habitat in and Around Jhilmil Jheel conservation reserve, Haridwar, Uttarakhand, India. International Journal of Conservation Science, 2013. 4: p. 243-249.
[17] Varman, S. K., and R. Sukumar, The line transects method for estimating densities of large mammals in a tropical deciduous forest: An evaluation of models and field experiments. Journal of Biosciences, 1995. 20 (2): p. 273-287.
[18] Kumar, P., P. M. Hais and P. Kindlmann, Habitat suitability models of mountain ungulates, identifying potential areas for conservation. Zoological Studies, 2015. p. 54:37.
[19] Thapa, T. B., Habitat Suitability Evaluation for Leopard Using Remote Sensing and GIS in and Around Chitwan National Park, Nepal. Ph. D. thesis, Saurashtra University, 2011. p. 1-223.
[20] Sampson, A. M., A habitat suitability analysis for cougar (Puma concolor) in Minnesota. Retrieved, the University of Minnesota Digital Conservancy, 2013. http://hdl.handle.net/11299/162392
[21] Morrigan, E., Habitat Suitability Analysis of the Coast Horned Lizard (Phrynosoma coronatum Blainvillii) in the Santa Monica Mountain National Recreation Area. Book, https://books.google.co.in/books?id=DzC2ngEACAAJ, 2013. p. 112.
Cite This Article
  • APA Style

    Suneet Naithani, Prachee Bedi, Gopala Areendran. (2018). Habitat Suitability Analysis for Swamp Deer (Rucervus Duvaucelii) Using Geo-Spatial Tools in Dudhwa National Park. American Journal of Remote Sensing, 6(1), 52-58. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajrs.20180601.18

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    ACS Style

    Suneet Naithani; Prachee Bedi; Gopala Areendran. Habitat Suitability Analysis for Swamp Deer (Rucervus Duvaucelii) Using Geo-Spatial Tools in Dudhwa National Park. Am. J. Remote Sens. 2018, 6(1), 52-58. doi: 10.11648/j.ajrs.20180601.18

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    AMA Style

    Suneet Naithani, Prachee Bedi, Gopala Areendran. Habitat Suitability Analysis for Swamp Deer (Rucervus Duvaucelii) Using Geo-Spatial Tools in Dudhwa National Park. Am J Remote Sens. 2018;6(1):52-58. doi: 10.11648/j.ajrs.20180601.18

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  • @article{10.11648/j.ajrs.20180601.18,
      author = {Suneet Naithani and Prachee Bedi and Gopala Areendran},
      title = {Habitat Suitability Analysis for Swamp Deer (Rucervus Duvaucelii) Using Geo-Spatial Tools in Dudhwa National Park},
      journal = {American Journal of Remote Sensing},
      volume = {6},
      number = {1},
      pages = {52-58},
      doi = {10.11648/j.ajrs.20180601.18},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajrs.20180601.18},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ajrs.20180601.18},
      abstract = {Dudhwa National Park (DNP), important conservation areas of India supporting the full range of threatened faunal and floral species. The Barasingha, swamp deer (Rucervus duvaucelii) considered as vulnerable, one of the flagship species. The satellite imagery of 1995, 2016 and 2017were used for Habitat Suitability Analysis (HSA) using multi-criteria analysis. The other primary and secondary data were also incorporated to generate habitat suitability model. Raster imageries of Landsat 5 and Landsat 8 were used to create various themes (variables) such as forest density, land use land cover, Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), Normalized Difference Water Index (NDWI) along with topographic details. The result indicates that out of total geographical area approximately 2.000000-2.100000(20-21%) is highly suitable, 1.900000(19%) is appropriate, 1.800000(18%) moderately suitable, 1.700000(17%) less suitable and 1.500000-1.600000(15-16%) area is least suitable. However, the study strongly advocates that the DNP is suitable landscape and grassland were noticed as one of the best habitat class for the conservation of swamp deer.},
     year = {2018}
    }
    

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  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - Habitat Suitability Analysis for Swamp Deer (Rucervus Duvaucelii) Using Geo-Spatial Tools in Dudhwa National Park
    AU  - Suneet Naithani
    AU  - Prachee Bedi
    AU  - Gopala Areendran
    Y1  - 2018/07/07
    PY  - 2018
    N1  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajrs.20180601.18
    DO  - 10.11648/j.ajrs.20180601.18
    T2  - American Journal of Remote Sensing
    JF  - American Journal of Remote Sensing
    JO  - American Journal of Remote Sensing
    SP  - 52
    EP  - 58
    PB  - Science Publishing Group
    SN  - 2328-580X
    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajrs.20180601.18
    AB  - Dudhwa National Park (DNP), important conservation areas of India supporting the full range of threatened faunal and floral species. The Barasingha, swamp deer (Rucervus duvaucelii) considered as vulnerable, one of the flagship species. The satellite imagery of 1995, 2016 and 2017were used for Habitat Suitability Analysis (HSA) using multi-criteria analysis. The other primary and secondary data were also incorporated to generate habitat suitability model. Raster imageries of Landsat 5 and Landsat 8 were used to create various themes (variables) such as forest density, land use land cover, Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), Normalized Difference Water Index (NDWI) along with topographic details. The result indicates that out of total geographical area approximately 2.000000-2.100000(20-21%) is highly suitable, 1.900000(19%) is appropriate, 1.800000(18%) moderately suitable, 1.700000(17%) less suitable and 1.500000-1.600000(15-16%) area is least suitable. However, the study strongly advocates that the DNP is suitable landscape and grassland were noticed as one of the best habitat class for the conservation of swamp deer.
    VL  - 6
    IS  - 1
    ER  - 

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Author Information
  • School of Environment and Natural Resources, Doon University, Dehradun, India

  • School of Environment and Natural Resources, Doon University, Dehradun, India

  • Indira Gandhi Conservation Monitoring Centre, World Wide Fund for Nature, New Delhi, India

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